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Updated: May 17, 2022

Hair can be classified according to its type in 4 categories. This classification was created by the American stylist Andre Walker in 1997 in his book Andre Talks Hair, he is famous for being Oprah Winfrey's personal stylist for more than 25 years, in addition to doing hairstyles for Michelle Obama, Halley Berry, among other famous people.

The classification of the different types of hair is divided into four types and each type varies in terms of the thickness of the hair strand, it is common to find different textures in the same mane, that is, different curls.

In general, depending on the shape, we can find up to four different types of hair: Type 1 (straight), Type 2 (wavy), Type 3 (curly) and Type 4 (afro). Within categories 2, 3 and 4 we find three subtypes, classified as A, B or C, depending on the diameter of the wave, the curl or spiral. So, we leave you a couple of descriptions of each of them, to help you check which one is the most similar to the shape of your hair.

Type 1 (Straight)

This type of hair does not have natural curls. The strands can be fine or thick, but they invariably fall straight from root to tip. It is the one that usually reflects the light the most and also the most resistant.

1A: It is the fine hair that gets tangled more easily due to its structure It is the fine hair that gets tangled more easily due to its structure

1B: A mixture between fine hair and with more "fixation", thick.

1C: Thicker hair, more resistant to curling (the famous "heavy straight hair") and "shinier" than other types, due to the sebum in the scalp, which can reach the ends more easily.

Recommendations for straight hair#

It is ideal to wash it frequently to avoid excess sebum. Choose light shampoos, without salts or heavy oils. You can use a product to control frizz, which is very common in this type of hair.

Straight hair won't last long with curls, but it's great for updos and braids. Experiment with cascading hairstyles to create moving effects.

Type 2 (Wavy)

Wavy hair is characterized by having S-shaped loops and waves. It is usually straighter at the root and has a slight curve from mid-lengths to ends. Wavy hair tends to frizz and lose definition very easily. As a general rule, products that help create volume and that are not excessively heavy tend to work well.

2 A: the waves appear from the middle to the ends; it has a lot of shine. It is usually thin and with little volume.

2 B: the waves are born closer to the root; it loses definition easily and tends to frizz on the top of the head.

2 C: gives rise to waves and curls that form from the root. It is the thickest of all wavy. Loses definition more easily and holds up very well to drying and flat ironing.

Recommendations for wavy hair

As they lose their curl easily, gels, mousses and/or curl-activating creams with a light and watery texture are a good option. Products for this type of hair must have moisturizing ingredients and no alcohol, so as not to dry out the hair, and few oils to that do not add weight.

After washing with shampoo and conditioner, it is important to apply a leave-in, gel or mousse and do some definition technique. We recommend that you search for fitagem, pulsing, among others, and find the one that is most suitable and that leaves you with the effect that best suits you. like. The definition techniques in wavy hair are important to keep the curls more defined.

Moisturizing the hair at least once a week is also essential.

Type 3 (Curly)

Curly hair already begins to have defined and elastic curls in the form of loops or spirals. In most cases, the different patterns and textures are combined to a greater or lesser extent. That is, there will be 3A, 3B and 3C hair. I include other types. This is what is known as multi-texture.

In this type of hair, frizz generally predominates and more volume than in Wavy, a good balance between hydration and proteins must be maintained.

3 A: mixed with some wave, but generally they are defined and elastic curls. Although they tend to frizz and easily lose that definition, they are easy to work with or retexturize hair.

3 B: S-shaped curls, but smaller than type A. It has much less shine than the wavy hair type and the first curly hair type. They have a lot of volume and are thick and dense in texture.

3C: the curls are corkscrew-shaped, although they coexist with some larger ones. The thickest within the types of curly hair and the one with the most volume. Yes, it curls very easily.

Recommendations for Curly hair

As the natural oil of the scalp does not reach the ends, constant hydration is essential to keep curls defined, healthy and hydrated. Sulfate-free shampoos, so as not to dry out, creams with moisturizing ingredients and natural oils, are essential for this type of hair. The mixture between gels and styling creams usually provides definition and control of the curls.

Type 4 (Coly)

n Afro hair the curls are very small, curly and dense. It is usually dry and quite fragile due to its texture, because the natural oils produced by the sebaceous glands do not fully hydrate it. Therefore, they need a lot of hydration and treatments with suitable oils to prevent it from being dry and frizzy. Hair type 4 has fewer cuticle layers, so it retains less moisture. We recommend hydration routines.

4A: S-shaped curls about the size of a crochet hook. Fragile hair, since it has less natural protection than other types of curls. And it retains much more moisture than the previous ones.

4B: types of Z-shaped curls. They can shrink their length by 75%. Its texture varies from coarse to fine, since it does not have a homogeneous shape. Being so curly, it is rough to the touch

4 C: also shrinks its length by 75%. It does not have a defined curl pattern. The curl varies between thick and fine; it does not have a homogeneous shape either. It lacks definition.

Recommendations for Coly hair

Afro hair needs moisture, it is important to create a good care routine alternating times or other techniques such as: pre-poo, which consists of applying oils before shampooing, it serves to protect the hair strand and not dry it out, co-wash and moisturizing that usually go very well for this type of hair.

Hydration must be constant, ingredients with natural oils such as coconut, castor, olive and butter such as shea, are essential because they provide moisture and elasticity. To finish the hair, we also recommend some definition techniques such as curl by curl, twist that, in addition to defining, will protect the hair more, preserving hydration for longer.

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